Bethesda Softworks has been a developer and publisher of interactive entertainment content for over two- and a half decades. Founded in 1985 by Christopher Weaver in Bethesda, Maryland; they moved to Rockville, Maryland in 1990, and have a long history of PC and console games. Weaver, company President Vlatko Andonov recalls, had originally wanted to call the company "Softworks," but found the name taken. "So, our founder, sitting at his kitchen table in Bethesda decided after laborious thought to add Bethesda to Softworks and there you have it!" Bethesda was acquired by ZeniMax Media, Inc., co-founded by Weaver, in 1999.
The company's founder, Chris Weaver, had, by Arena's release, transformed the company from a committee-run organization to one run which had to follow "a single person's vision": his. "For 18 years," Weaver stated, "from 1981 through 1999, all the money that was invested in the company was my own." Prior to creating Bethesda, Weaver had worked at MIT on "speech parsers, graphic interface and synthesized worlds - what people now call virtual reality...bleeding edge stuff." He had worked in news broadcast directing at NBC and as the Director of Technology Forecasting for ABC, eventually becoming Chief Engineer to the House Subcommittee on Communications. He had created Bethesda "to see if the PC market was a viable place to develop games." The executive command and personal investment allotted to himself allowed the company to become, in Weaver's words, "a boutique house," a house which "kept rewriting rules and inventing new things." Weaver, in the opinion of journalist Joe Blancato, was a man "used to having good ideas." The first employee after Weaver, Edward Fletcher, was trained as an electrical engineer, had worked as a debugger, computer equipment designer and programmer. Fletcher's vision for the company was humbler than Weaver's, hoping only to design a game for the Amiga at a low cost.
The rewritten rules of Bethesda's first title, Gridiron! were essentially produced by happenstance. Fletcher wanted to produce a football game that relied on what most sports games of the 1980s had before it: lookup tables of player statistics. Weaver, though he knew little of the sport, found lookup tables boring, and believed that there must be a better way to make a football game. Electronic Arts was so impressed with Gridiron! that they hired Bethesda to develop the first John Madden Football. Bethesda eventually decided to sue EA in 1987 for USD$7.3 million, claiming that the company halted cross-console release of Gridiron! after incorporating many of its elements into their own John Madden Football. Bethesda's early games scored respectably in the gaming press, earning such accolades as "the most accurate and enjoyable simulation of a sport I have ever had the pleasure to play," "the best ice hockey sim yet," for Wayne Gretzky Hockey, and a note that Gridiron! "demands a look."
With a broad panoply of games in role-playing, racing, simulation, and sports, Bethesda Softworks major franchises are distributed worldwide.
Bethesda is credited with the creation of the first physics-based sports simulation (Gridiron) in 1986 for the Atari ST, Commodore Amiga and Commodore 64/128, which led to Bethesda's creation of the first John Madden Football game for Electronic Arts. Despite their long history of development in many genres, they are perhaps best known for creating The Elder Scrolls RPG series which Weaver initiated in 1992, based upon the original programming of Julian Lefay. The first chapter of the series, entitled The Elder Scrolls: Arena, was released in 1994. Since that time, numerous other chapters have been released. The previous chapter, The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, was released in November 2011, and The Elder Scrolls Online is the latest in the series having been released on April 4, 2014.
Bethesda is also the publisher for three Star Trek games, Star Trek - Legacy (For PC/Xbox 360), Star Trek - Tactical Assault (for Nintendo DS/PlayStation Portable), and Star Trek - Encounters (PS2). Press Release
In 2004, Bethesda acquired the Fallout franchise from Interplay Entertainment. Todd Howard said in January 2007 that "We started work [on Fallout 3] in late 2004 with a few people. We only had about 10 people on it until Oblivion wrapped, but most of our staff is on it now."
Bethesda Software is also becoming well known for their work on Xbox 360s, with them being the "first company to ever release an expansion pack on the Xbox 360, back with Oblivion, and also the "guinea pigs" for introducing Downloadable Content to the Xbox, presumably with the Fallout series.
Elder Scrolls seriesEdit
The following is a complete list of publications made by Bethesda in The Elder Scrolls series.
- The Elder Scrolls: Arena (1994) (RPG)
- The Elder Scrolls II: Daggerfall (1996) (RPG)
- An Elder Scrolls Legend: Battlespire (1997) (Action-RPG)
- The Elder Scrolls Adventures: Redguard (1998) (Action-Adventure)
- The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind (2002) (RPG)
- The Elder Scrolls Travels series:
- The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion (2006) (RPG)
- The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim (2011) (RPG)
- The Elder Scrolls Online (2014) (RPG)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Imperial City (2015) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Orsinium (2015) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Thieves Guild (2016) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Dark Brotherhood (2016) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Shadows of the Hist (2016) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Morrowind (2017) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Horns of the Reach (2017) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Clockwork City (2017) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Dragon Bones (2018) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Summerset (2018) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Wolfhunter (2018) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Online: Wrathstone (2019) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls: Legends (2017) (Collectible Card Game)
- The Elder Scrolls Legends: The Fall of the Dark Brotherhood (2017) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Legends: Heroes of Skyrim (2017) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Legends: Return to Clockwork City (2017) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Legends: Houses of Morrowind (2018) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls Legends: Isle of Madness (2019) (Expansion)
- The Elder Scrolls: Blades (2019) (mobile-RPG)