For the alphabet, see Dragon Alphabet.

Dovahzul (DOVAhZUL Dovah-Zul, "Dragon-Voice"), the Dragon Language or Dragonish,[1] is the language used in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim by dragons in shouts, on word walls, in names, etc. Provided by the Skyrim Game Guide and in game dialogue translations by Alduin, Paarthurnax, Odahviing, and Durnehviir.

Some may also be found in the books, Dragon Language: Myth no More and Songs of Skyrim.[2] Additionally, each Dragon Priest's name is a word in the Dragon language.


Some may find the pronunciation of the Dragon Alphabet digraphs "aa", "ah", "ei", "ey", "ii", "ir", "uu", "ur", and "oo" to be confusing.

Digraph IPA Example
aa, ah /ɒ/ thought, taut, hawk
ei /aɪ/ Ice, eye, pie
ey /eɪ/ fate, pay, lay
ii /i/ wing, fling, see




near, fear, tear
oo /uː/ goose, group, few

However, assuming that the initial syllables heard in the musical pieces for the game are the standard form, then the language takes on a more Scandinavian sound.

"Aa" and "ah" are both a long, open "a" /aː/; the latter, however, being formed more gutturally (sometimes becoming /ɔː/).

"Oo" is used in the instances where the normal "o" sound /o/ (English "port") needs to become long (/oː/), as in the English "door". Only "uu" takes on the sound of an English double-"o" (see the above examples). "ii" would tend to be longer (/ɪː/).

"Ir" and "ur" equate to /ir/ and /ur/, respectively.

Finally, there is a difference between "ei" and "ey": "ei" is pronounced as in German, producing a vowel as in price. "Ey," on the other hand, sounds as in face.

These discrepancies in pronunciation most likely result from the fact that many of these phonemes are not native to (or not the standard in) the English language, as well as the fact that most dovahhe only periodically speak in their native language, so that it wasn't deemed important by Bethesda to properly instruct the voice actors in the pronunciation of the language. This is particularly evident in the fact that most dragons, in the game, do not roll their "r"s; however, both the Main Theme and the Following (Sovngarde Theme Song), feature them exclusively.


The language has basically the same grammar as English, with the exceptions that it doesn't have an equivalent to English's apostrophes; it tends to place prepositional phrases earlier in sentences than in English, and doesn't have tense.[3] To pluralize a word, the final letter is repeated and "e" is added (i.e. "grohiik": wolf; "grohiikke": wolves)

Words are constructed in such a way that, when combined, they form new words. A known construction is "Junnesejer", which means "the kings of the east". "Jun" being king and "Jer" being east. Thus, combining words will allow one to convey an idea or another word. For Example: "moon and eclipse" are not present in the vocabulary, but sun ("krein") and night ("vulon") are. The word is based on which of the words is the first because the first word is prominent. If one were to say "vulonkrein", the prominent word would be "night" while the secondary is "sun", and  there would be "moon" (i.e. a light in the night). Vice versa with "kreinvulon", as "sun" is prominent and "night" is secondary, so there would be "eclipse" (darkness where the sun is). With Junnesejer, it means "the kings of the east", but if one were to put it as Jersejun, it would be "East King". "Se" is a conjunction between words that are combined to fill in the particles, but it's just as easily-understood without it.

Common words

Dragon Language English
Aak Guide[4]
Aal May (as in "May his soul")
Aam Serve[5][6]
Aan A/An
Aar Servant
Aav Join
Aaz Mercy
Ag Burn
Agli "Your" Burn
Ah Hunter
Ahmik Service
Ahmul Husband
Ahkrin Courage
Ahraan Wound[4]
Ahrk And[7]
Ahrol Hill[8]
Ahst At[4][7]
Ahzid Bitter
Al Destroyer / Destroy
Alok Arise[9]
Alok-Dilon Necromancy (Arise-Dead)[10]
Alun Ever
Aus Suffer
Bah Wrath
Bahlaan Worthy[4][5]
Bahlok Hunger
Bein Foul
Beyn Scorn
Bex Open[11]
Bo Fly[4][5]
Bodiis Borrow
Bok Age[2]
Bolog Beg[6]
Bonaar Humble[9]
Bormah Father
Bovul Flee / Fled[7]
Boziik Bold / Boldly
Brendon Specter
Brii Beauty
Briinah Sister
Brit Beautiful[5]
Brod Clan
Brom North


Bruniik Savage[4]
Du'ul Crown[12]
Daanik Doomed[7]
Dah Push
Dahmaan Remember
Daal Return
Daar This / These
Denek Soil
Dein Keep
Dez Fate
Dii Mine
Diil Undead[13]
Diin Freeze
Diivon Swallow
Dir Die
Dinok Death[10][7]
Dilon Dead[4]
Do Of / About[7]
Dok Hound
Dov Dragonkind (referring to the race of dragons)
Dovah Dragon
Dovahgolz Dragonstone
Dovahkiin Dragonborn
Draal Pray
Dreh Do / Does
Drem Peace / Patience
Drem Yol Lok Greetings (literally 'peace fire sky')
Drey Did[7]
Drog Lord
Drun Bring/Brought
Du Devour
Dur Curse
Dukaan Dishonor[7]
Dun Grace
Dwiin Steel
Dwiirok Carve
Ek Her
Enook Each
Ensosin Bewitch
Evenaar Extinguish
Egvir Season
Faad Warmth
Faal The (formal, preceeding a proper noun, "Faal Krein" for "The Sun")
Faas Fear
Faasnu Fearless
Fah For
Fahdon Friend
Fahliil Elf
Feim Fade
Fel Feral
Fen Will
Fent Shall
Feykro Forest
Feyn Bane
Fiik Mirror
Filok Escape
Fin The (rarely used)
Fo Frost
Fod When
Fodiiz Hoar
Folaas Wrong
Folook Haunt
Fonaar Charge
Frin Hot
Frod Field[7]
Fron Kin / Related
Frul Ephemeral / Temporary
Ful So
Fun Told
Fundein Unfurl
Funt Fail
Fus Force
Gaaf Ghost[7]
Gaan Stamina
Gahrot Steal[7]
Geh Yes
Gein One (to a single person or thing)
Geinmaar Oneself
Gogil Goblin
Gol Earth
Golt Ground
Golz Stone
Govey Remove
Graan Rout (verb)
Grah Battle
Grahmindol Stratagem
Grah-Zeymahzin Ally (Battle-Companion)[10]
Gravuun Autumn[7]
Grik Such
Grind Meet[7]
Grohiik Wolf
Gron Bind
Gut Far
Haal Hand
Haas Health
Haalvut Touch (noun or verb)[7]
Hadrim, Hahdrim Mind (noun)
Hah Mind
Hahkun Axe
Hahnu Dream
Heim Forge
Het Here[7]
Hevno Brutal
Heyv Duty[4][6]
Hind Wish, Hope
Hin Your
Hofkah Steading[14]
Hokoron Enemy / Enemies
Horvut Lure[5]
Horvutah Caught[5]
Hon Hear ("Nust hon" - They hear)
Hun Hero
Huzrah Hearken
Iiz Ice[7]
In Master
Jer East
Joor Mortal
Jot Maw
Jul Man / Mankind / Humans (see also "Muz")
Jun King, Light
Junnesejer Kings of the East
Kaal Champion
Kaan Kyne
Kaaz Cat / Khajiit
Kah Pride
Kein War
Keizaal Skyrim


Kel Elder Scroll
Kendov Warrior
Kest Tempest
Key Horse
Keyn Anvil
Kiin Born
Kiir Child
Kinbok Leader
Kinzon Sharp[7]
Klo Sand
Klov Head
Ko In[7]
Kod Wield
Kodaav Bear[7]
Kogaan Blessing
Kos Be ("fen kos" - "will be")
Kol Crag
Komeyt Issue / Issued / Let loose (verb)
Konahrik Warlord
Koor Summer
Kopraan Body[7]
Kotin Into
Krah Cold
Krasaar Sickness[7]
Kreh Bend
Kren Break
Krent Broken
Krein Sun (see also "Shul")
Krif Fight
Krii Kill
Kriid Slayer
Kril Brave
Krilot Valiant
Krin Courageous
Kro Sorcerer
Kron Conquer
Krongrah Victory
Kroniid Conqueror
Krosis Sorrow[7], Apologies, Regret[4][5]
Kruziik Ancient
Kul Son
Kulaan Prince
Kulaas Princess
L When added to the end of a word, means "your"
Laan Want / Request
Laas Life[10]
Laat Last
Lah Magicka
Lahney Live
Lahvraan Muster / Gather
Lahvu Army
Leh Lest
Lein World (Mundus - the universe, everything)
Liiv Wither[7]
Liivrah Diminish
Lingrah Long ("Lingrah vod" = "long ago")
Lo Deceive
Loan Question
Lok Sky
Loost Hath
Los Is (Combine with other verbs for present tense: "is helping", "is sworn", etc)
Lost Have / Was
Lot Great
Lovaas Music / Song
Luft Face
Lun Leech
Luv Tear (noun)
Maar Terror
Mah Fall
Mahfaeraak Forever
Mal Little
Med Like / Similar to
Mey Fool (noun or verb)
Meyz Come (become) (i.e. "Meyz fundein" = "come unfurled")
Miin Eye
Mindok Know, Known, Knowable
Mir Allegiance
Miraad Doorway
Monah Mother
Monahven Throat of the world, translates directly to Mother Wind [4]
Moro Glory
Morokei Glorious[7]
Motaad Shudder
Morah Focus
Motmah Slip
Motmahus Slippery, Elusive
Mu We
Mul Strong
Mulaag Strength
Mun Man
Munax Cruel[7]
Muz Men (Plural of "Man", see also "Jul")
Naak Eat
Naako Eaten
Naal By
Naan Any
Naas Corpse
Nah Fury
Nahgah Psychic
Nahgahdinok Necromancer (literally, death psychic)
Nahkip Feed[4][6]
Nahkriin Vengeance
Nahl Living (as in "alive")
Nahlaas Alive
Nahlot Silenced
Nau On
Nax Cruelty
Neh Never
Ney Both
Ni Not[7]
Nii It
Nid or Niid No
Nivahriin Cowardly
Nimaar Itself
Nin Sting
Nir Hunt
Nis Cannot
Nok Lie (verb and noun)[7]
Nol From
Nonvul Noble
Norok Fierce / Fiercest
Nu Now
Nus Statue
Nust They
Nuz But[7]
Oblaan End[7]
Od Snow
Ofan Give
Ogiim Orc
Ok His (used equally with the "ii" form of the possessive)[7]
Okaaz Sea
Ol As
Om Hair
Ond Lo
Onik Wise
Onikaan Wisdom
Ont Once
Orin Even (adverb, meaning "fully" or "quite")
Osos Some
Ov Trust
Paak Shame
Paal Foe / Enemy
Paar Ambition
Paaz Fair
Pah All
Pahlok Arrogance
Peyt Rose
Pindaar Plain
Pogaan Many
Pogaas Much
Pook Stink
Praan Rest
Prodah Foretell
Pruzah Good
Pruzaan Best
Qahnaarin Vanquisher[10]
Qeth Bone
Qethsegol Stone (literally "bone of earth")
Qo Lightning
Qolaas Herald
Qostiid Prophecy
Qoth Tomb[13]
Raan Animal
Rahgot Rage
Rein Roar
Rek She (used equally with the "ii" form of possessive).
Rel Dominate
Revak Sacred
Reyliik Race (Heritage)
Rii Essence[10]
Riik Gale
Rinik Very
Ro Balance
Rok He
Ronax Regiment
Ronaan Archer
Ronaaz Arrow
Ronit Rival (verb)
Rotmulaag Word of Power[4]
Rovaan Wander
Ru Run
Rul When
Rum Root
Ruvaak Raven
Ruz Then
Sadon Gray
Saraan Await
Sah Phantom
Sahlo Weak
Sahqo Red
Sahqon Crimson
Sahrot Mighty
Sahsunaar Villager
Saviik Savior
Se Of
Shul Sun (Word of Power: see also "Krein")
Siiv Find[7]
Sil Soul
Sinak Finger
Sinon Instead[7]
Sivaas Beast (see also "Sunvaar")
Sizaan Lost
Slen Flesh
Smoliin Passion
Sonaan Bard
Sos Blood[7]
Sot White
Spaan Shield
Staadnau Unbound
Stin Free (adjective)
Strun Storm
Strunmah Mountain
Su Air
Sul Day (as in time or moment, e.g. "On this day")
Suleyk Power
Sunvaar Beast (see also "Sivaas")
Su'um Breath
Tah Pack
Taazokaan Tamriel (the physical land / continent)
Tafiir Thief
Tahrodiis Treacherous
Tey Tale
Thur Overlord
Thu'um Shout ("Storm Voice")
Tiid Time
Tinvaak Speak / Speech
Togaat Attempt
Tol That
Toor Inferno
Tu Hammer
Tuz Blade
Ufiik Troll
Ul Eternity
Unahzaal Unending / Ceaseless / Eternal (less common than Unslaad)
Unslaad Unending / Ceaseless / Eternal
Unt Try
Uznahgaar Unbridled
Vaal Bay ("ahst vaal" = "At Bay")
Vaat Swear
Vaaz Tear (verb)[10]
Vah Spring
Vahdin Maiden
Vahlok Guardian
Vahriin Sworn
Vahrukt Memory
Vahrukiv Commemorate
Vahzah True
Vonmindoraan Incomprehensible
Ved Black
Ven Wind
Vey Cut
Veysun Ship
Viik Defeat
Viir Dying
Viintaas Shining
Viing Wing
Vith Serpent
Vo- Un- prefix. (opposite of. e.g. unkind, unlikeable)
Vod Ago ("Lingrah vod" - long ago)
Vodahmin Unremembered / Forgotten
Vokul Evil (Literally "ungood")
Vokun Shadow
Vol Horror
Volaan Intruder (literally "unwant"; a taunt used by Draugr: "dir volaan!")
Voth With
Vos Able
Vosl "Your" Able
Vukein Combat[7]
Vul Dark
Vulom Darkness
Vulon Night
Vus Nirn[10]
Wah To
Wahl Build / Create
Wahlaan Past-tense: Built / Created / Raised[7]
Wen Whose
Werid Praise
Win Wage
Wo Who[7]
Wuld Whirlwind
Wundun Travel[5]
Wunduniik Traveler[4]
Wuth Old
Yah Seek[7]
Yol Fire
Yoriik March
Yuvon Gold / Golden (adjective)
Zaam Slave[13]
Zaan Shout (noun; meaning "Yell", not use of Voice Power)
Zah Finite
Zahkrii Sword
Zahrahmiik Sacrifice
Zeim Through
Zeymah Brother
Zii Spirit
Zin Honor[4]
Zind Triumph
Zindro Triumph's
Zofaas Fearful
Zohungaar Heroically
Zok Most
Zol Zombie[10]
Zoor Legend
Zu'u I am ("zu" = "I")
Zul Voice (the actual mortal voice, not the power of shouting)
Zun Weapon


  • The Dragon language's script is similar in appearance to cuneiform, the written language of ancient Mesopotamia.
  • The script of the Dragon language also bears resemblance to the script on the obelisk in Star Trek's 3rd season episode entitled "Paradise Syndrome."[15]
  • A possible hidden reference to Looking Glass Studio's "Thief" series exists in the form of the draconic word for thief -- "tafiir." [16]
  • When speaking to the player, both Alduin and Paarthurnax will speak in both common and Dragon language, often repeating a word in common after it is said in Dragon so that the player would understand. Dragons tamed with the Bend Will shout will also do this.
  • Hostile dragons that the player may encounter in the wild will sometimes taunt the player in the Dragon language.
  • "Dovahsebrom" translates to "Dragon of the North".
  • Miraak uses a special four-word phrase to consume the souls of dragons ("zii los dii du" - literally "spirit is mine [to] devour"). This is strange, as most phrases or shouts in Dragon language consist of only three words.
  • Paarthurnax appears to use the three word phrase "Drem Yol Lok" as a greeting. This translates to "peace/patience fire sky".
  • In The Elder Scrolls II: Daggerfall, the language appears and can be used by the Hero as a skill

External links



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