Elder Scrolls
Elder Scrolls

For other uses, see Dagoth Ur.
"Beneath Red Mountain, Dwemer miners discovered a great magical stone. By diverse methods, Lord Kagrenac, High Priest and Magecrafter of the ancient Dwemer, determined that this magical stone was the heart of the god Lorkhan, cast here in the Dawn Era as a punishment for his mischief in creating the mortal world."
Gilvas Barelo[src]

Red Mountain, also known as Dagoth Ur,[1] the Red Tower,[2] Mount Vvardenfell,[3] or Sahqo-Strunmah (S.svgAh.svgQ.svgO.svgS.svgT.svgR.svgU.svgN.svgM.svgAh.svg) in the Dragon Language,[4] is the large, currently active volcano that makes up the majority of the island of Vvardenfell, in the province of Morrowind. The largest volcano in Tamriel, it is known to have erupted two times, the first being in 1E 688. It remained dormant until the Red Year of 4E 5, when the fall of Baar Dau caused it to erupt once again. As of 4E 201, the volcano is still experiencing ongoing eruptions.

By game[]


Dawn Era[]

Near the end of the creation process, as many of the Aedra began their exodus from Nirn, a smaller group chose to stay and forfeit their divine existence to give life to the planet. Among these was Lorkhan, the Aedra generally credited with devising the original plan for the mortal plane. According to Aldmeri legend, the remaining Aedra were furious with what they considered Lorkhan's trickery and tried to destroy him. However, the physical manifestation of Nirn, known as the Ehlnofey or "Earth Bones," came from Lorkhan himself, and so his true destruction was impossible. Instead, his heart was torn from him and cast to Tamriel, where the Aedra hoped it would never be found. Over the place where the heart landed, a vast mountain formed, which the many races of Tamriel call the Red Mountain.[5]

Merethic Era[]

During the Merethic Era, the Aldmer left their home and traveled to the Summerset Isles on Tamriel. One particular group of them, led by their prophet Veloth, chose to split from the core population, and traveled across the continent to their new home which they named Resdayn. Once there, these Mer, now called Chimer, were somewhat surprised to see that the caves and tunnels under Red Mountain were already inhabited. These inhabitants, also Mer, called themselves the Dwemer. An uneasy peace was formed among these races, primarily motivated by their drive to keep the Nords of Skyrim out of the land.

First Era[]

Sometime during the early First Era, the Dwemer located Lorkhan's Heart beneath Red Mountain and began trying to use its power to achieve godhood. The Chimer, driven by fear, attempted to stop their brethren--an act that quickly led to war. This vast war eventually ended with the complete disappearance of the Dwemer, the emergence of the Dunmer, and Red Mountain's first known eruption in 1E 668 in an event called Sun's Death.[6]

Third Era[]

Red Mountain in The Elder Scrolls: Arena.

In 3E 389, the Eternal Champion traveled to Red Mountain via a secret passageway in Ebonheart. There they found the eighth and final piece of the Staff of Chaos where Jagar Tharn hid it.[source?]

In 3E 427, ash storms began around Red Mountain due to Dagoth Ur. The Nerevarine was then tasked with defeating him. They went to the heart of the volcano and confronted Dagoth Ur. There they destroyed the Heart of Lorkhan and defeat Dagoth Ur and his minions.[source?]

Fourth Era[]

The result of the eruption seen on Solstheim.

By at least 4E 5, the Ministry of Truth fell and caused Red Mountain to erupt once again,[7] having nearly completely devastated all of Vvardenfell and Morrowind. This caused much of Vvardenfell to be covered in lava and destroyed many of the settlements. Solstheim was also affected as its southern half became ash and fire. Many unprecedented effects and aftershocks could be felt across Tamriel, and heart stones appeared along affected areas. As a result, most of Vvardenfell remains a volcanic wasteland, forcing many of its surviving residents to migrate into the nearby provinces of Cyrodiil, Black Marsh, and to Skyrim through Dunmeth Pass. In 4E 16, the High King of Skyrim gave Solstheim to Morrowind for refugees of the eruption.[source?]


Red-Mountain (Solstheim).jpg

For centuries, the mountain spat ash into the air, covering most of northern Vvardenfell, which was aptly named the Ashlands. The rocky, cavernous foothills of the mountain dominate nearly three quarters of the island. Cooled, once constant, lava flows have created deep, smooth channels that are often used as roads by the Ashlanders. The land to both the north and east of the mountain is arid and barely habitable, all the way to the Padomaic Sea.

Near the end of the Third Era, the climate around the volcano grew increasingly hostile. Violent ash storms began thundering down the mountain faces, blasting high winds and tons of ash at the nearby cities and settlements. The storms appeared to be partly magical in nature, as they would often corrupt wildlife, and even people, in their wake. These storms ended after another battle occurred in the caverns beneath the volcano. Among the most notable outcomes of this battle was that Red Mountain had reverted to, presumably, its pre-volcanic form. The area continued to be rocky and cavernous, but the ash storms and hard weather subsided.

In 4E 05 the mountain erupted causing Vvardenfell to be covered in lava and destroyed some of the settlements. Since then, the mountain remained dormant but still spews out ash and smoke as of 4E 201.

Religious significance[]

Red Mountain holds different religious significance to the various factions on Morrowind.

For a brief period of time, a cult known as the Sixth House, led by a reanimated Dagoth Ur, used many of the long-abandoned Dwemer workshops beneath Red Mountain as their home. The members often spoke of the mountain as an animate object, which spoke to them in their dreams. In this sense, the mountain symbolized Dagoth Ur himself, attempting to control his subjects from within his undermountain prison.

For the Ashlanders, the mountain was viewed as a haunted place, containing the remnants of the hated Dwemer.

The Tribunal Temple taught that Red Mountain was a place of trials and great evil. The Tribunal themselves built a huge magical barrier, the Ghostfence, around the mountain to contain Dagoth Ur and his attacks on Morrowind. The Ghostfence became a religious symbol of the Tribunal itself, and was a popular pilgrimage destination.



  • Red Mountain's eruption in the Fourth Era is also believed to be related to the Great Collapse of Winterhold.
  • Red Mountain can be seen from the far eastern border in The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim. It can also be seen at the top of the Throat of the World on clear days and is particularly visible in the north-eastern areas around Winterhold.
    • The volcano can be seen past the borders, which can be passed via the console command tfc, disabling borders in the files, or going in a city then going over the walls and traveling to its location.
    • The still-erupting volcano can be seen fully in The Elder Scrolls V: Dragonborn from almost anywhere on Solstheim, and can be looked closer at via console commands or by disabling borders.
      • If measured through the use of console commands, the Red Mountain as seen in Dragonborn is higher than the one seen in Skyrim.
    • The mountain can also be seen in the distance from Dayspring Canyon in Dawnguard.
  • It is supposed that the Sun's Death event greatly affected the Nirnroot plant species.[6]