the alphabet,参见Dragon Alphabet

龙语 is the language used in 上古卷轴V:天际 by dragons in shouts, on word walls, in names, etc. Provided by the Skyrim Game Guide and in-game dialogue translations by 奥杜因, 帕图纳克斯, 傲达威因, and 杜耐维尔.

Some may also be found in the books, Dragon Language: Myth no More and Songs of Skyrim. Additionally, each Dragon Priest's name is a word in the Dragon language.


Some may find the pronunciation of the Dragon Alphabet digraphs "aa," "ah," "ei," "ey," "ii," "ir," "uu," "ur," and "oo" to be confusing.

Digraph IPA Example
aa, ah /ɒ/ thought, taut, hawk
ei /aɪ/ Ice, eye, pie
ey /eɪ/ fate, pay, lay
ii /i/ wing, fling, see




near, fear, tear
oo /uː/ goose, group, few

However, assuming that the initial syllables heard in the musical pieces for the game are the standard form, then the language takes on a more Scandinavian sound.

"Aa" and "ah" are both a long, open "a" /aː/; the latter, however, being formed more gutturally (sometimes becoming /ɔː/).

"Oo" is used in the instances where the normal "o" sound /o/ (English "port") needs to become long (/oː/), as in the English "door." Only "uu" takes on the sound of an English double-"o" (see the above examples). "ii" would tend to be longer (/ɪː/).

"Ir" and "ur" equate to /ir/ and /ur/, respectively.

Finally, there is a difference between "ei" and "ey": "ei" is pronounced as in German, producing a vowel as in price. "Ey," on the other hand, sounds as in face.

Most dragons, in the game, do not roll their "r"s; however, both the main theme and the music in Sovngarde feature them exclusively.


The language has basically the same grammar as English, with the exceptions that it does not have an equivalent to English's apostrophes; it tends to place prepositional phrases earlier in sentences than in English, and does not have tense.[UL 1] To pluralize a word, the final letter is repeated and "e" is added (i.e. "grohiik": wolf; "grohiikke": wolves)

Words are constructed in such a way that, when combined, they form new words. A known construction is "Junnesejer," which means "the kings of the east." "Jun" being king and "Jer" being east. Thus, combining words will allow one to convey an idea or another word. For Example: "moon and eclipse" are not present in the vocabulary, but sun ("krein") and night ("vulon") are. The word is based on which of the words is the first because the first word is prominent. If one were to say "vulonkrein," the prominent word would be "night" while the secondary is "sun," and there would be "moon" (i.e. a light in the night). Vice versa with "kreinvulon," as "sun" is prominent and "night" is secondary, so there would be "eclipse" (darkness where the sun is). With Junnesejer, it means "the kings of the east," but if one were to put it as Jersejun, it would be "East King." "Se" is a conjunction between words that are combined to fill in the particles, but it's just as easily-understood without it.

Common words编辑

Dragon Language English
Aak Guide[1][2]
Aal May (as in "May his soul")[2]
Aam Serve[3][4]
Aan A/An[5][2]
Aar Servant/Slave[3][2]
Aav Join[2]
Aaz Mercy[2]
Ag Burn[6][2]
Ah Hunter[7][2]
Ahmik Service[2]
Ahmul Husband[2]
Ahkrin Courage[3][8][2]
Ahraan Wound[1]
Ahrk And[5][6][2]
Ahst At[1][5][6][2]
Ahzid Bitter[2]
Al Destroyer[2]
Alok Arise[5][9][2]
Alok-Dilon Necromancy (Arise-Dead)[10]
Alun Ever[2]
Aus Suffer[2]
Bah Wrath[2]
Bahlaan Worthy[1][3][11]
Bahlok Hunger[5][9][2]
Bein Foul[5][2]
Beyn Scorn[9][2]
Bex Open[12]
Bo Fly[1][3]
Bodiis Borrow[2]
Bok Age[5]
Bolog Beg[4]
Bonaar Humble[9][2]
Bormah Father[1][2]
Bovul Flee/Fled[6][2]
Boziik Bold/Boldly[5][2]
Brendon Specter[2]
Brii Beauty[2]
Briinah Sister[6][2]
Brit Beautiful[3][2]
Brod Clan
Brom North[11][2]
Bron Nord[2]
Bruniik Savage[1][2]
Daanik Doomed[6]
Dah Push[2]
Dahmaan Remember[1][2]
Daal Return[2]
Daar This/These[8][11][2]
Denek Soil[2]
Dein Keep[5]
Dez Fate[2]
Dii Mine (possesive pronoun)[13][4]
Diil Undead[14]
Diin Freeze[2]
Diivon Swallow[5][2]
Dir Die[9][2]
Dinok Death[6][10][2]
Dilon Dead[1][2]
Do Of/About[5][6][2]
Dok Hound[2]
Dov Dragonkind (referring to the race of dragons)[2]
Dovah Dragon[5][2]
Dovahgolz Dragonstone[2]
Dovahkiin Dragonborn[5][2]
Draal Pray[5][2]
Dreh Do/Does[2]
Drem Peace/Patience[1][2]
Drem Yol Lok Greetings (literally 'peace fire sky')[1]
Drey Did ("drey kod – did wield")[5][6][2]
Drog Lord[2]
Drun Bring/Brought[3][2]
Du Devour[2]
Du'ul Crown[1][11]
Dukaan Dishonor[6][2]
Dun Grace[2]
Dur Curse[15]
Dwiin Steel[2]
Dwiirok Carve[2]
Ek Her[2]
Enook Each[2]
Ensosin Bewitch[2]
Evenaar Extinguish[2]
Evgir Season[2]
Faad Warmth[2]
Faal The (formal, preceding a proper noun, "Faal Krein" for "The Sun")[5][2]
Faas Fear[2]
Faasnu Fearless[2]
Fah For[5][2]
Fahdon Friend[2]
Fahliil Elf[6][2]
Feim Fade[1][2]
Fel Feral[2]
Fen Will[5][2]
Fent Shall[5][2]
Feykro Forest[2]
Feyn Bane[5][2]
Fiik Mirror[2]
Filok Escape[2]
Fin The (rarely used)[5][6][2]
Fo Frost[2]
Fod When[5][2]
Fodiiz Hoar[2]
Folaas Wrong[2]
Folook Haunt[2]
Fonaar Charge[2]
Frin Hot[6][2]
Frod Field[5][6][2]
Fron Kin/Related[5][2]
Frul Ephemeral, Temporary[2]
Ful So[2]
Fun Told[5][2]
Fundein Unfurl(ed)[5][2]
Funt Fail[2]
Fus Force[1][2]
Gaaf Ghost[6][2]
Gaan Stamina[16]
Gahrot Steal[6][2]
Geh Yes[2]
Gein One (a single person or thing)[5][2]
Geinmaar Oneself[2]
Gogil Goblin[2]
Gol Earth[2]
Golt Ground[2]
Govey Remove[6][2]
Graan Rout (verb)[5][2]
Grah Battle[1][3][2]
Grahmindol Stratagem[3]
Grah-Zeymahzin Ally (Battle-Companion)[10]
Gravuun Autumn[6][2]
Grik Such[2]
Grind Meet[3][6]
Grohiik Wolf[2]
Gron Bind[2]
Gut Far[2]
Haal Hand[2]
Haas Health[16]
Haalvut Touch (noun or verb)[6][2]
Hadrim, Hahdrim Mind (noun)[2]
Hah Mind[17]
Hahkun Axe[6][2]
Hahnu Dream[2]
Heim Forge[6][2]
Het Here[6][2]
Hevno Brutal[2]
Heyv Duty[1][4][2]
Hind Wish, Hope[3][2]
Hin Your (formal)[3][5][2]
Hofkah Steading[来源?]
Hokoron Enemy/Enemies[5][6][2]
Horvut Lure[3]
Horvutah Caught[3]
Hon Hear ("nust hon" – "they hear")[5][2]
Hun Hero[1][2]
Huzrah Hearken[5][2]
Iiz Ice[6][2]
In Master[2]
Jer East[2]
Joor Mortal[1][9][2]
Jot Maw[5][2]
Jul Man/Mankind/Humans[5][2]
Jun King,[5][2] Light[1][4]
Junnesejer The Kings of the East[2]
Kaal Champion[2]
Kaan Kyne[11][2]
Kaaz Cat/Khajiit[2]
Kah Pride[2]
Kein War[5][2]
Keizaal Skyrim[3][10][2]
Kel Elder Scroll[5][2]
Kendov Warrior[2]
Kest Tempest[2]
Key Horse[2]
Keyn Anvil[2]
Kiin Born[2]
Kiir Child[6][2]
Kinbok Leader[2]
Kinzon Sharp[6]
Klo Sand[2]
Klov Head[6][2] / Brow[11]
Ko In[5][6][2]
Kod Wield[5][2]
Kodaav Bear[3][6][2]
Kogaan Blessing[5][2]
Kol Crag[2]
Komeyt Issue(d)/Let loose (verb)[5][2]
Konahrik Warlord[2]
Koor Summer[2]
Kopraan Body[6][2]
Kos Be ("fen kos" – "will be")[5][2]
Kotin Into[3][2]
Krah Cold[5][2]
Krasaar Sickness[6][2]
Kreh Bend[1][2]
Kren Break[2]
Krent Broken[1][2]
Krein Sun (see also "Shul")[5][2]
Krif Fight[3][8][2]
Krii Kill[8][2]
Kriid Slayer[2]
Kril Brave[2]
Krilot Valiant[2]
Krin Courageous[2]
Kro Sorcerer[2]
Kron Conquer[1][4]
Krongrah Victory[1]
Kroniid Conqueror[2]
Krosis Sorrow,[6][2] Apologies, Regret[1][3]
Kruziik Ancient[5][6][2]
Kul Son(s)[5][2]
Kulaan Prince[2]
Kulaas Princess[2]
Laan Want/Request[3]
Laas Life[10][2]
Laat Last[2]
Lah Magicka[16]
Lahney Live[2]
Lahvraan Muster/Gather[3]
Lahvu Army[2]
Leh Lest[2]
Lein World (Mundus – the universe, everything)[5][2]
Liiv Wither[6][2]
Liivrah Diminish/Wither[1][4]
Lingrah Long ("lingrah vod" = "long ago")[5][11][2]
Lo Deceive[2]
Lok Sky[2]
Loost Hath[2]
Los Is (Combine with other verbs for present tense: "is helping," "is sworn," etc.)[5][2]
Lost Have/Was[1][5][2]
Lot Great[5][2]
Lovaas Music/Song[2]
Luft Face[2]
Lumnaar Valley[2]
Lun Leech[6][2]
Luv Tear(s)[2]
Maar Terror[6][9][2]
Mah Fall[1][6][2]
Mahfaeraak Forever[5][2]
Mal Little[2]
Med Like/Similar to[3][5][2]
Mey Fool[3][2]
Meyz Come (become) (i.e. "meyz fundein" = "come unfurled")[5][11][2]
Mid Loyal[3]
Miin Eye(s)[2]
Mindok Know, Known, Knowable[1][4]
Mindoraan Understand/Comprehend[3]
Mir Allegiance[2]
Miraad Doorway[3]
Monah Mother[1][4]
Monahven Throat of the World, translates directly to "Mother Wind"[1]
Moro Glory[2]
Morokei Glorious[5][6][2]
Motaad Shudder[5][2]
Morah Concentration/Thought[1][4]
Motmah Slip[2]
Motmahus Slippery, Tricky[1][4]
Mu We[5][2]
Mul Strong[9]
Mulaag Strength[2]
Mun Man[2]
Munax Cruel[6][2]
Muz Men (Plural of "man," not "mankind")[5][2]
Naak Eat[2]
Naako Eaten[2]
Naal By[5][6]
Naan Any[2]
Nah Fury[2]
Nahgahdinok Necromancer[2]
Nahkip Feed[1][4]
Nahkriin Vengeance[2]
Nahl Living (opposite of dead)[2]
Nahlaas Alive[2]
Nahlot Silenced[2]
Nau On[5][11][2]
Nax Cruelty[2]
Neh Never[15]
Ney Both[5][2]
Ni Not[3][6]
Nii It[11]
Nid or Niid No[11][2]
Nivahriin Cowardly[2]
Nimaar Itself[2]
Nin Sting[2]
Nir Hunt[2]
Nis Cannot[2]
Nok Lie(s) (as in deceive; verb and noun)[5][6][2]
Nol From[5][6][2]
Nonvul Noble[2]
Norok Fierce/Fiercest[5][2]
Nu Now[5][2]
Nus Statue[2]
Nust They[5][2]
Nuz But[5][6][2]
Oblaan End[6][2]
Od Snow[5][7][2]
Ofan Give/Bestow[3][11][2]
Ogiim Orc[2]
Ok His (used equally with the "ii" form of the possessive)[5][6][2]
Okaaz Sea[2]
Ol As[5][6][2]
Om Hair[2]
Ond Lo[2]
Onik Wise[1]
Onikaan Wisdom[1]
Ont Once[1]
Orin Even (adverb, meaning "fully" or "quite")[3][2]
Osos Some[2]
Ov Trust[1][2]
Paak Shame[1][4]
Paal Foe/Enemy[5][2]
Paar Ambition[2]
Paaz Fair[2]
Pah All[3][5][2]
Pahlok Arrogance[1]
Peyt Rose[2]
Pindaar Plain(s)[2]
Pogaan Many[2]
Pogaas Much[2]
Pook Stink[2]
Praan Rest[2]/Sit[11]
Prodah Foretell/Foretold[5][2]
Pruzah Good[2]
Pruzaan Best[2]
Qahnaar Vanquish[2]
Qahnaarin Vanquisher[10]
Qalos Touch[1]
Qeth Bone[2]
Qethsegol Stone[6] (literally "bone-of-the-earth")[2]
Qo Lightning[2]
Qolaas Herald[2]
Qostiid Prophecy[1]
Qoth Tomb[14]
Raan Animal[2]
Rahgol Rage[2]
Rein Roar[5][2]
Rek She (used equally with the "ii" form of the possessive)[2]
Rel Dominate[1]
Revak Sacred[1][2]
Reyliik Race/Races (heritage)[5][2]
Rii Essence[10]
Riik Gale[2]
Rinik Very[6][2]
Ro Balance[3][2]
Rok He[5][6][2]
Ronax Regiment[2]
Ronaan Archer[2]
Ronaaz Arrow[2]
Ronit Rival (verb)[5][2]
Rotmulaag Word of Power[1]
Rovaan Wander[2]
Ru Run[2]
Rul When[5][2]
Ruvaak Raven[2]
Ruz Then ("ahrk ruz" = "and then")[2]
Sadon Gray[2]
Saraan Await[3]/Languish[11]
Sah Phantom[2]
Sahlo Weak[2]
Sahqo Red[6][2]
Sahqon Crimson[2]
Sahrot Mighty[1][5][2]
Sahsunaar Villager(s)[2]
Saviik Savior[5][2]
Se Of[8]
Shul Sun (Word of Power; see also "Krein")[2]
Siiv Find[6]/Found[2]
Sil Soul[3][9][2]
Sinak Finger(s)[6][2]
Sinon Instead[6][2]
Sivaas Beast[2]
Sizaan Lost[2]
Slen Flesh[2]
Smoliin Passion[6][2]
Sonaan Bard[2]
Sos Blood[6][2]
Sot White[2]
Spaan Shield[2]
Staadnau Unbound[5][2]
Stin Free (adjective)[3][5][2]
Strun Storm[11][2]
Strunmah Mountain[1][2]
Su Air[2]
Sul Day (as in time or moment, e.g. "On this day")[5][8][2]
Suleyk Power[1][5][2]
Sunvaar Beast(s)[2]
Su'um Breath[1]
Tah Pack[2]
Taazokaan Tamriel (the physical land/continent)[5][2]
Tafiir Thief[6][2]
Tahrodiis Treacherous[3][6][2]
Tey Tale[5][2]
Thur Overlord[8][2]
Thu'um Shout ("Storm Voice")[1][2]
Tiid Time[1][3][2]
Tiiraz Sad[1][4]
Til There/In that place[3]
Tinvaak Speak/Speech[1]
Togaat Attempt[6][2]
Tol That[5][2]
Toor Inferno[6][2]
Tu Hammer[2]
Tuz Blade[5][2]
Ufiik Troll[2]
Ul Eternity[2]
Unahzaal Unending/Ceaseless/Eternal (much less common than "Unslaad")[2]
Unslaad Unending/Ceaseless/Eternal[1][3][2]
Unt Try[2]
Uth Command[3]
Uznahgaar Unbridled[2]
Vaal Bay ("ahst vaal" = "at bay")[5][2]
Vaat Swear/Swore[2]
Vaaz Tear (verb)[10]
Vah Spring[2]
Vahdin Maiden[2]
Vahlok Guardian[2]
Vahriin Sworn[5][2]
Vahrukt Memory[2]
Vahrukiv Commemorate[6][2]
Vahzah True[3][2]
Ved Black[5][2]
Ven Wind[2]/Current[1]
Vey Cut[5][2]
Veysun Ship[2]
Viik Defeat[3][2]
Viintaas Shining[2]
Viing Wing[5][7][2]
Viir Dying<name ="durnehviirShout"/>
Vith Serpent[2]
Vo- Un- (prefix meaning "opposite of," e.g. unkind, unlikeable, etc.)[3][8][2]
Vod Ago ("lingrah vod" = "long ago")[5][2]
Vodahmin Unremembered/Forgotten[2]
Vokul Evil (literally "ungood")[5][2]
Vokun Shadow[5][2]
Vol Horror[2]
Volaan Intruder (literally "unwant")[18][4]
Vonmindoraan Incomprehensible[19][1]
Vosaraan Do not delay[1][4]
Voth With[5][11][2]
Voth Ahkrin Bravely (literally "with courage")[2]
Vukein Combat[6][2]
Vul Dark[5][2]
Vulom Darkness[2]
Vulon Night[2]
Vus Nirn[10]
Wah To[5][6][2]
Wahl Build/Create[2]
Wahlaan Built/Created/Raised (past tense of "Wahl")[1][6][2]
Wen Whose[6][2]
Werid Praise[2]
Win Wage[5][2]
Wo Who[5][6][2]
Wuld Whirlwind[2]
Wundun Travel[3]
Wunduniik Traveler[1]
Wuth Old[1]
Yah Seek[6][2]
Yol Fire[1][2]
Yoriik March[2]
Yuvon Gold/Golden (adjective)[2]
Zaam Slave[14]
Zaan Shout (noun; meaning "Yell," not use of Voice Power)[5][2]
Zah Finite[2]
Zahkrii Sword[6][2]
Zahrahmiik Sacrifice[2]
Zeim Through[5][2]
Zeymah Brother(s)[1][5][2]
Zii Spirit[1][2]
Zin Honor[1][5][2]
Zind Triumph[2]
Zindro Triumph's[5][2]
Zofaas Fearful[1][4]
Zohungaar Heroically[2]
Zok Most[1][3][2]
Zol Zombie[10]
Zoor Legend[2]
Zu'u I am ("zu" = "I")[3]
Zul Voice[5] (the actual mortal voice, not the power of shouting)[2]
Zun Weapon[2]


  • The Dragon language's script is similar in appearance to cuneiform, the written language of ancient Mesopotamia.
  • The script of the Dragon language also bears resemblance to the script on the obelisk in Star Trek's 3rd-season episode entitled Paradise Syndrome.
  • The word for thief, tafiir, resembles Taffer, a word that appears in the "Thief" series.
  • In 上古卷轴V:天际, hostile dragons encountered in the wild will sometimes taunt the player in the Dragon language.confirmation needed
  • "Dovahsebrom" translates to "Dragon of the North."
  • Miraak uses a special four-word phrase to consume the souls of dragons ("zii los dii du" - literally "spirit is mine [to] devour"). This is strange, as most phrases or shouts in Dragon language consist of only three words.
  • Paarthurnax appears to use the three word phrase "Drem Yol Lok" as a greeting. This translates to "peace/patience fire sky."
  • In 上古卷轴II:匕首雨, the language appears and can be used by the Hero as a skill.

External links编辑


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  1. Game Informer

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